“RED-2 sets the floor, but we need to do much, much more”. Patrik Klintbom of the Swedish Research Institute RISE and chairman of the European Technology and Innovation Platform on Bioenergie (ETIP Bioenergy) brings a clear message at the March 6 Platform seminar ‘Which renewable fuels wil do the RED2-job?’. Klintbom points at the mismatch between the Paris (2°C) scenario needs, the current political framework and the required Research and Innovation activities.
“All options are needed” in the energy transition for transport. The conclusion of key-note speaker Franziska Mueller-Langer of the German Biomass Research Centre DBFZ leaves no room for doubt. Realizing the RED 2 targets is only possible with a mix of renewable fuels, with some fuels still to be developed. Based on a new feedstock base.
PDFs of all presentations of the seminar ‘Which renewable fuels will do the RED2-job?’ are found here.
Mueller-Langer sketched how two scenarios for the German context could work out:
- Realizing the RED2-target (14% share of renewables in 2030) would result in achieving only 10% greenhouse gas savings compared to 1990. Biomethane would be the major advanced biofuel in the total pool.
- Addressing Germany’s target of 40% less CO2-emissions in transport in 2030, compared to 1990, would require more drastic measures. Achieving this relies on significantly reducing energy consumption in transport. On top of that a high share of mix of renewable fuels and renewable electricity (Germany expects 6 million BEVs on the road in 2030) would be needed. With a for many surprisingly high share of waste-based biomethane.
For Klintbom the following key issues need to be addressed are:
- Establish a stable and supportive framework for all applications that contribute to achieving climate neutrality
- Broaden and mobilise a sustainable biomass feedstock supply
- Develop and deploy flexible, efficient conversion technologies
- Finetune biofuel qualities to serve to market needs, for short term use in existing vehicle fleet preferably drop-in quality required
Take-away messages from these two key-note speeches for the Dutch context are:
Market parties are faced with a considerable challenge to deliver on the climate goals for transport. Renewable fuels are the major option to replacing fossil fuels and to deliver a well-to-wheel CO2-reduction on the short term. Policies and regulation needs to be set up in such a way that the sector is supported in achieving the ambitious CO2-reduction targets set by politics. An ambitious and stable long-term policy framework is required to stimulate the substantial investment budgets that are needed for the production of advanced, renewable fuel production pathways. The Platform will undertake action to build, together with a.o. policy makers, the fuel sector, technology providers, the major OEMs and the transport sector a transition path with a well-detailed technology roadmap. At the same time, the Platform would like to address the need for investments in the knowledge base on renewable fuels at universities and centers for applied knowledge.